MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Replacement
Dr. Durkin has performed the most mako robotic knee replacements in Illinois.
The most common need for a partial knee replacement is osteoarthritis affecting only a portion of the knee joint. Knee joint osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease resulting in the wearing away of the lubricating cartilage of the knee joint. This causes the ends of the thigh and shin bones to rub together, resulting in pain with standing, walking, stairs, and activity. Sometimes, a bow-legged or knock-kneed appearance of the leg may develop. Degeneration can occur in three areas of the knee joint: the medial (inner) knee, the lateral (outer) knee, and behind the knee cap. Patients with end stage osteoarthritis and pain localized to one specific area of the knee, with an otherwise healthy knee joint, could be considered a candidate for a partial knee replacement.
Typically, a partial knee replacement is indicated after exhausting conservative treatment options including steroid injections, viscosupplementation ”gel” injections, anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy, unloader bracing, activity modification, lifestyle changes and/or weight loss.
A partial knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which the degenerative portion of knee joint surfaces are replaced with artificial implants. This consists of replacing the ends of the thigh and shin bones in either the medial (inner), or outer (lateral) knee. The healthy areas of the rest of the knee joint remain untouched. A plastic spacer is placed between the metal implants to mimic a joint space. It is considered to be a minimally invasive procedure, which assists in decreased pain postoperatively and faster recovery. A partial knee replacement helps to relieve pain, increase knee motion, correct knee alignment, and improve function.
Dr. Durkin is experienced in two different techniques of the partial knee replacement:
- Dr. Durkin is one of the first physicians in Illinois who is qualified and trained to perform a MAKOplasty partial knee replacement with use of the RIO Robotic Arm Interactive System. This surgical technique uses robotic technology for additional accuracy and surgical precision.
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