What is MAKOplasty?

Arm RIO® Robotic Arm System

MAKOplasty®, powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm System, enables surgeons a new level of precision using the newest techniques in partial knee and total hip replacement. For many patients, it is changing the way they experience joint replacement.

Dr. Michael Durkin is one of only a handful of surgeons in the Chicago area qualified and trained to use the new MAKOplasty Robotic Partial Knee Replacement and Computer Assisted Knee Surgery. This bone-sparing technology is less invasive and allows patients a more rapid recovery time than total knee replacement.

In some younger knee arthritis patients, sometimes only a portion of a patient’s knee is affected by osteoarthritis. In this case, Dr. Durkin may recommend a partial knee replacement employing MAKOplasty to remove the diseased surfaces and resurface them with metal and polyethylene prostheses. He has performed more than 130 successful MAKOplasty partial knee replacements.

Dr. Durkin is also one of the first in Illinois to be trained to perform hip replacements using MAKOplasty technology, a procedure supported by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System. The RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System allows him to achieve a new level of precision with the newest techniques in hip replacement surgery. For the same reasons as MAKOplasty for knee, this procedure also provides a shorter recovery time for patients.

How Does It Work?


During the MAKOplasty procedure for knee, Dr. Durkin uses a high tech combination of robotics and computer assisted technology to carefully map out the diseased area of the patient’s knee and remove that portion with precision. Once the unhealthy bone has been removed, he replaces it with implant material that has been carefully customized for the patient. This process spares healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it.

MAKOplasty is most often performed through a four to six inch incision with small incisions in both your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin). The preservation of natural bone and tissue most often results in a more natural feeling knee post-surgery. And, since healthy bone is preserved, patients who undergo MAKOplasty partial knee procedures may still be a candidate for a total knee replacement procedure later in life if necessary.

A total replacement may be necessary if Dr. Durkin discovers during surgery that a patient’s knee has more damage than originally seen in the pre-operative X-rays and CT scan.

During a total hip replacement, the same technology is used to precisely map out and locate the perfect position for the implant. RIO® robotic arm technology provides Dr. Durkin a patient-specific 3-D model to pre-plan a hip replacement. During the procedure, real-time data assists him in preparing the hip joint and placing the implants in the desired orientation with more accuracy.

Why MAKOplasty?

Some of the advantages of MAKOplasty for Total Hip Replacement are:

  • It facilitates optimal implant placement
  • It enhances stability and mobility
  • It restores an active lifestyle

Some of the advantages of MAKOplasty for Total Knee Replacement are:

  • Provides the newest technology for total knee replacements and is minimally invasive
  • It facilitates optimal implant positioning to result in a more natural feeling knee following surgery

Some of the advantages of MAKOplasty for Partial Knee Replacement are:

  • It enables the surgeon to precisely resurface only the arthritic portion of the knee
  • It preserve healthy tissue and bone
  • It facilitates optimal implant positioning to result in a more natural feeling knee following surgery
  • It offers a more rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay than traditional total knee replacement surgery

Where are MAKOplasty procedures performed?

Dr. Durkin performs all of his MAKOplasty procedures at Hinsdale Hospital in Hinsdale, IL.

How do I learn more?

Contact Dr. Michael Durkin for an appointment to discuss your knee or hip condition at 630-323-6116.

  • Hinsdale Orthopaedics
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • DuPage County Medical Society